The temperature gradually rises after the beginning of spring. Even though rain and snow have been forecast in many places recently, it is significantly warmer than before. In this season of recovery of all things, it is the key period for cattle farms to repair fences, catch spring fat and repel pests and epidemic diseases. Cattle farmers must master the following aspects.
The cowshed is cleaned once a day, usually after the cattle are fed in the morning, and the excrement and sewage need to be cleaned. In spring, the cowshed can be disinfected once a week. The effect of disinfection with feces is negligible. Disinfection should be carried out after the cowshed is cleaned. Do not leave a dead corner when disinfecting. Pay attention to the disinfection of some hidden places such as the wall corner. In addition, the disinfectant should be replaced regularly to prevent some pathogenic bacteria from being resistant to the disinfectant and cannot be eliminated.
- Catch spring fat
In spring, everything grows and all kinds of grass turn green, which is a good time for cattle to graze and the best stage for cattle to gain weight. Cattle are greedy for grass when grazing. Because of the overgrowth of weeds and the sprouting of leaves in spring, they all contain different levels of toxic ingredients, such as excessive consumption of green grass, plant poisoning or swelling of green grass, and rumen inflation and rumen accumulation disease in some cattle.
- Pay attention to ventilation
As the temperature rises, you can choose to open the doors and windows of the enclosure for ventilation in the daytime with good weather, which can greatly reduce the humidity and toxic and harmful gas content in the enclosure. But at night, the friends of cattle farmers should not forget to close the doors and windows. Although the temperature in spring has risen, it is still cold at night. Cows are prone to respiratory diseases when the temperature difference between day and night is relatively large.
- Get rid of insects
It is better to take the insect repellent medicine orally in the morning on an empty stomach. When using the insect repellent medicine, the dosage must be calculated according to the weight of the cattle, and it is no problem to test the small group before using the large group medicine. During the insect repellent period, the sanitation and disinfection work must be strengthened. In order to enhance the effect of the insect repellent, the insect repellent can be used again 7~10 days after the first insect repellent. After insect repellent, gradually increase the feed nutrition and feed quantity. Do not feed suddenly, so that the cow will suffer from indigestion and diarrhea due to maladaptation.
- Prevention of bovine disease
There are many kinds of cattle diseases in spring, and it is also late to cure the disease. Cattle farmers should follow the principle of “prevention is more important than cure” to prevent the disease as much as possible. Although there are many outbreaks of bovine diseases, the three major diseases are still bovine foot-and-mouth disease, bovine infectious pleuropneumonia and bovine pasteurellosis.
Therefore, the cattle should be grazed and the forage should be properly arranged. Before grazing, the cattle should be fed with half full hay and a proper amount of water. It will take about half a month for seasoning, and the cattle’s gastrointestinal function will adapt to the digestive function of grass before it can be transferred to full day grazing. At the same time, it is also necessary to ensure that each cow is fed with about 50 grams of salt and drinking water every day. Generally, the order of feeding cattle is: first drink water, then feed grass, and then add some refined materials, such as wheat bran, rice bran, corn, etc. After the cow is half full, take a rest before grazing, which is not only conducive to the conversion of the cow’s digestive function, but also conducive to the fattening and health of the cattle.
- Precautions for buying cattle and repairing fences
Cattle farmers often choose to buy cattle in the spring and fatten them until the end of the year. First of all, cattle farmers should fully understand the characteristics, quality and weight estimation of each variety. Only by understanding these knowledge can they know the quality, weight and value of cattle.
In general, don’t follow the trend and listen to the excessive claims of some businesses when buying cattle and mending fences in spring. In addition, insect control and disease prevention are particularly important in spring.