Although cattle are easy to raise and seldom get sick, there are still some problems to pay attention to in the process of raising. Do you know what the “three no-feeds” and “three fears” are for raising cattle in winter?
Three no-feeds for cattle raising in winter
1、 When the cow does not eat, drink or ruminate, it cannot be fed
This situation is a typical digestive system problem, such as rumen accumulation and anterior gastric retardation. Do not feed any more at this time. You can infuse the cow with drugs that promote gastrointestinal peristalsis.
2、 Cows cannot be fed with concentrate within three days after delivery
During the production process and within three days after delivery, the digestive system and body functions of cows have not returned to normal. If the cattle are fed with a large amount of concentrate too early, it is easy to lead to non rumination, indigestion and nutritional diarrhea of newborn calves, including the phenomenon of cows grinding teeth. We should feed a small amount of concentrate on the the fourth day after delivery, so that the cattle can have a recovery process step by step.
3、 Cannot feed during long-distance transportation
Cattle coming in from other places or from afar should not be fed with concentrate too early after arriving home. Normally, they need to observe for two to three days. In the early stage, they can be given a small amount of hay and water. Cows who are stressed can add some astragalus polysaccharides, electrolytic multi-dimension, plate cleaning particles, etc. in the water. After two to three days, they can be given an appropriate amount of concentrate, and gradually adapt to it while observing.
Three fears for raising cattle in winter
First fear: cold
The optimum temperature for cattle growth is 18 ℃~26 ℃. When the cowshed temperature is lower than 18 ℃, the daily weight gain can be reduced by 20~40g for each lower temperature.
If the temperature of the cowshed continues to drop below 4 ℃, the daily weight gain will suddenly drop by more than 50%, and the feed consumption will more than double.
The reason is that the lower the temperature of the barn, the more energy the cattle need to protect themselves from the cold, and the energy required will increase in geometric progression. Therefore, the lower the temperature of the barn, the slower the cattle gain, and the more feed consumption.
In addition, the low temperature of the cowshed is easy to cause some diseases, such as cow influenza, bovine bronchitis and bovine cold paralysis.
The closed cowshed and warm shed cowshed are used for heat preservation in winter, and the open cowshed uses thick canvas or plastic cloth for heat preservation to keep the temperature of the cowshed above 5 ℃ as much as possible. If the temperature is lower than this value, the cowshed needs to be heated up with an earthen kang, stove or heating.
Second fear: tide
When the temperature of the cowshed is low and the relative humidity is high, the cold feeling of the cattle will be aggravated. This kind of low temperature and high humidity cowshed environment will seriously affect the production performance of cattle, and do great harm to the health of adult cattle and calves.
In the cowshed with high relative humidity in winter, the incidence rate of hooves and legs (foot rot, hoof leaf inflammation, arthritis, etc.) of cattle is 68% higher than that of control cattle (at appropriate temperature and humidity), and the average weight gain rate of calves is 45% lower than that of control cattle (at appropriate temperature and humidity), which is easy to cause various types of diarrhea, enteritis, and respiratory diseases.
The relative humidity of the cowshed in winter should be controlled at 60%~75%. If it exceeds 80%, it can be considered that the cowshed is relatively wet, and it needs to open windows for ventilation in time to reduce the humidity of the cowshed.
Cattle farms can maintain the appropriate humidity in the cowshed according to the following methods: first, clean the dung in the cowshed in time to reduce water evaporation; Secondly, reasonably open windows for ventilation to reduce the humidity and toxic and harmful gas content in the cowshed; Third, put some charcoal and quicklime in the cowshed to absorb water.
Third fear: cold
In order to save time, many cattle breeders still feed their cattle with cold water and feed in winter, which will increase their energy consumption for no reason.
When the water temperature and feed temperature are 0 ° C, the cattle need to consume energy to maintain their body temperature after eating the water and feed. In addition, drinking cold water to pregnant cows in winter can easily lead to serious consequences such as miscarriage and stillbirth.
If conditions permit, cattle farmers should provide warm water to the cattle, which can reduce the unnecessary energy consumption of the cattle, increase the amount of drinking water of the cattle, and ensure their health.
As long as cattle breeding in winter avoids the three fears of cold wave and cold air, cattle will be healthy and grow faster, and create more benefits for cattle farmers!
These are the three no-feeds and three fears in the process of raising cattle. Only by raising cattle carefully can we raise cattle well and make big money.